TKinter Tk与ttk的区别

Tkinter模块是Python的标准Tk GUI工具包的接口。

Tk和Tkinter可以在大多数的Unix平台下使用,同样可以应用在Windows和Mac系统里。Tk8.0的后续版本可以通过ttk实现本地窗口风格,并良好地运行在绝大多数平台中。

尽量使用ttk组件。以下是tk和ttk的对比。

TTK效果演示

演示代码

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
from tkinter import *
from tkinter.ttk import *


class Win:
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = self.__win()
        self.tk_label_l61k2rxh = self.__tk_label_l61k2rxh()
        self.tk_input_l61k35ee = self.__tk_input_l61k35ee()
        self.tk_label_l61k3i5r = self.__tk_label_l61k3i5r()
        self.tk_check_button_l61k3rgq = self.__tk_check_button_l61k3rgq()
        self.tk_check_button_l61k449f = self.__tk_check_button_l61k449f()
        self.tk_check_button_l61k4hdx = self.__tk_check_button_l61k4hdx()
        self.tk_check_button_l61k4pw1 = self.__tk_check_button_l61k4pw1()
        self.tk_label_l61k56rj = self.__tk_label_l61k56rj()
        self.tk_radio_button_l61k5gk4 = self.__tk_radio_button_l61k5gk4()
        self.tk_radio_button_l61k5r4p = self.__tk_radio_button_l61k5r4p()
        self.tk_select_box_l61k6jik = self.__tk_select_box_l61k6jik()
        self.tk_label_l61k6ngn = self.__tk_label_l61k6ngn()
        self.tk_button_l61k71gi = self.__tk_button_l61k71gi()
        self.tk_button_l61k7gt7 = self.__tk_button_l61k7gt7()

    def __win(self):
        root = Tk()
        root.title("tk与ttk对比 ~ Tkinter布局助手")
        # 设置大小 居中展示
        width = 600
        height = 500
        screenwidth = root.winfo_screenwidth()
        screenheight = root.winfo_screenheight()
        geometry = '%dx%d+%d+%d' % (width, height, (screenwidth - width) / 2, (screenheight - height) / 2)
        root.geometry(geometry)
        root.resizable(width=False, height=False)
        return root

    def show(self):
        self.root.mainloop()

    def __tk_label_l61k2rxh(self):
        label = Label(self.root, text="姓名")
        label.place(x=50, y=60, width=50, height=24)
        return label

    def __tk_input_l61k35ee(self):
        ipt = Entry(self.root)
        ipt.place(x=120, y=60, width=150, height=24)
        return ipt

    def __tk_label_l61k3i5r(self):
        label = Label(self.root, text="爱好")
        label.place(x=50, y=100, width=50, height=24)
        return label

    def __tk_check_button_l61k3rgq(self):
        cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="唱")
        cb.place(x=120, y=100, width=54, height=24)
        return cb

    def __tk_check_button_l61k449f(self):
        cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="跳")
        cb.place(x=190, y=100, width=54, height=24)
        return cb

    def __tk_check_button_l61k4hdx(self):
        cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="rap")
        cb.place(x=260, y=100, width=54, height=24)
        return cb

    def __tk_check_button_l61k4pw1(self):
        cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="篮球")
        cb.place(x=330, y=100, width=54, height=24)
        return cb

    def __tk_label_l61k56rj(self):
        label = Label(self.root, text="性别")
        label.place(x=50, y=142, width=50, height=24)
        return label

    def __tk_radio_button_l61k5gk4(self):
        rb = Radiobutton(self.root, text="男")
        rb.place(x=120, y=140, width=57, height=24)
        return rb

    def __tk_radio_button_l61k5r4p(self):
        rb = Radiobutton(self.root, text="女")
        rb.place(x=190, y=140, width=57, height=24)
        return rb

    def __tk_select_box_l61k6jik(self):
        cb = Combobox(self.root, state="readonly")
        cb['values'] = ("本科", "专科", "高中")
        cb.place(x=120, y=180, width=150, height=24)
        return cb

    def __tk_label_l61k6ngn(self):
        label = Label(self.root, text="学历")
        label.place(x=50, y=180, width=50, height=24)
        return label

    def __tk_button_l61k71gi(self):
        btn = Button(self.root, text="登记")
        btn.place(x=100, y=410, width=143, height=40)
        return btn

    def __tk_button_l61k7gt7(self):
        btn = Button(self.root, text="清空")
        btn.place(x=340, y=410, width=143, height=40)
        return btn


if __name__ == "__main__":
    win = Win()
    # TODO 绑定点击事件或其他逻辑处理
    win.show()

截图

ttk效果 ttk效果

TK效果演示

演示代码

from tkinter import *

class Win:
def init(self):
self.root = self.__win()
self.tk_label_l61k2rxh = self.__tk_label_l61k2rxh()
self.tk_input_l61k35ee = self.__tk_input_l61k35ee()
self.tk_label_l61k3i5r = self.__tk_label_l61k3i5r()
self.tk_check_button_l61k3rgq = self.__tk_check_button_l61k3rgq()
self.tk_check_button_l61k449f = self.__tk_check_button_l61k449f()
self.tk_check_button_l61k4hdx = self.__tk_check_button_l61k4hdx()
self.tk_check_button_l61k4pw1 = self.__tk_check_button_l61k4pw1()
self.tk_label_l61k56rj = self.__tk_label_l61k56rj()
self.tk_radio_button_l61k5gk4 = self.__tk_radio_button_l61k5gk4()
self.tk_radio_button_l61k5r4p = self.__tk_radio_button_l61k5r4p()
self.tk_select_box_l61k6jik = self.__tk_select_box_l61k6jik()
self.tk_label_l61k6ngn = self.__tk_label_l61k6ngn()
self.tk_button_l61k71gi = self.__tk_button_l61k71gi()
self.tk_button_l61k7gt7 = self.__tk_button_l61k7gt7()

def __win(self):
    root = Tk()
    root.title("tk与ttk对比 ~ Tkinter布局助手")
    # 设置大小 居中展示
    width = 600
    height = 500
    screenwidth = root.winfo_screenwidth()
    screenheight = root.winfo_screenheight()
    geometry = '%dx%d+%d+%d' % (width, height, (screenwidth - width) / 2, (screenheight - height) / 2)
    root.geometry(geometry)
    root.resizable(width=False, height=False)
    return root

def show(self):
    self.root.mainloop()

def __tk_label_l61k2rxh(self):
    label = Label(self.root, text="姓名")
    label.place(x=50, y=60, width=50, height=24)
    return label

def __tk_input_l61k35ee(self):
    ipt = Entry(self.root)
    ipt.place(x=120, y=60, width=150, height=24)
    return ipt

def __tk_label_l61k3i5r(self):
    label = Label(self.root, text="爱好")
    label.place(x=50, y=100, width=50, height=24)
    return label

def __tk_check_button_l61k3rgq(self):
    cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="唱")
    cb.place(x=120, y=100, width=54, height=24)
    return cb

def __tk_check_button_l61k449f(self):
    cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="跳")
    cb.place(x=190, y=100, width=54, height=24)
    return cb

def __tk_check_button_l61k4hdx(self):
    cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="rap")
    cb.place(x=260, y=100, width=54, height=24)
    return cb

def __tk_check_button_l61k4pw1(self):
    cb = Checkbutton(self.root, text="篮球")
    cb.place(x=330, y=100, width=54, height=24)
    return cb

def __tk_label_l61k56rj(self):
    label = Label(self.root, text="性别")
    label.place(x=50, y=142, width=50, height=24)
    return label

def __tk_radio_button_l61k5gk4(self):
    rb = Radiobutton(self.root, text="男")
    rb.place(x=120, y=140, width=57, height=24)
    return rb

def __tk_radio_button_l61k5r4p(self):
    rb = Radiobutton(self.root, text="女")
    rb.place(x=190, y=140, width=57, height=24)
    return rb

def __tk_select_box_l61k6jik(self):
    # tk不支持下拉选项框组件
    pass
    # cb = Combobox(self.root, state="readonly")
    # cb['values'] = ("本科", "专科", "高中")
    # cb.place(x=120, y=180, width=150, height=24)
    # return cb

def __tk_label_l61k6ngn(self):
    label = Label(self.root, text="学历")
    label.place(x=50, y=180, width=50, height=24)
    return label

def __tk_button_l61k71gi(self):
    btn = Button(self.root, text="登记")
    btn.place(x=100, y=410, width=143, height=40)
    return btn

def __tk_button_l61k7gt7(self):
    btn = Button(self.root, text="清空")
    btn.place(x=340, y=410, width=143, height=40)
    return btn

if name == “main":
win = Win()
# TODO 绑定点击事件或其他逻辑处理
win.show()

截图

tk不支持下拉选项框组件

tk效果 tk效果

从上面对比可以看成ttk组件多于tk,界面也相对tk漂亮,所以使用时尽量选择ttk。因为ttk也是python原生支持的,不需要额外去下载。按照以下方式导入组件就行了,ttk中的组件会默认替换掉tk的。

1
2
from tkinter import *
from tkinter.ttk import *
站长微信
请备注来意
二维码